Emotional lability is strongly associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), represents a major source of impairment and predicts poor clinical outcome in ADHD. Given that no specific genes with a role in the co-occurrence of both conditions have been described, we conducted a GWAS of emotional lability in 563 adults with ADHD. Despite not reaching genome-wide significance, the results highlighted genes related with neurotransmission, cognitive function and a wide range of psychiatric disorders that have emotional lability as common clinical feature. By constructing polygenic risk scores on mood instability in the UK Biobank sample and assessing their association with emotional lability in our clinical dataset, we found suggestive evidence of common genetic variation contributing to emotional lability in general population and in clinically diagnosed ADHD. Although not conclusive, these tentative results are in agreement with previous studies that suggest emotion dysregulation as a transdiagnostic construct and highlight the need for further investigation to disentangle the genetic basis of mood instability in ADHD and co-occurring psychiatric disorders.
Title: Genome-wide analysis of emotional lability in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Authors: Laura Gisbert, Laura Vilar, Paula Rovira, Cristina Sánchez-Mora, Mireia Pagerols, Iris Garcia-Martínez, Vanesa Richarte, Montserrat Corrales, Miguel Casas, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, María Soler Artigas, Marta Ribasés