Mental Health – What is it?

Mental health is an individual’s sense of well-being, the ability to function productively in work, home, and community environments, and the ability to cope with the stresses of normal daily life [1]. Mental health is also the ability to control our thoughts and emotions, behaviors, our physical and mental well-being, and to affect our living conditions, social and work environments. You can read more about mental health here. Mental health is an important part of overall health. Health is not just the absence of disease. Health allows individuals to live long and productive lives. It is a vital resource we...

Mental Illness or Mental Disorder – What is it?

Mental health problems can cause significant distress or impairment for an individual. In this case we talk of a mental illness or mental disorder. Just like with any other illness, someone with a mental disorder should seek help from a medical professional. Mental disorders are classified into different categories, based on behavioral and emotional symptoms. Anxiety disorders Behavioral disorders Eating disorders Substance use disorders Mood disorders Obsessive-compulsive disorders Personality disorders Psychotic disorders Suicidal behaviors Trauma and stress-related disorders Mental illness is complicated and fragile, and can be brought on or exacerbated by combinations of factors including family history, early childhood...

Impulsivity and Compulsivity

The research done by Eat2beNICE focusses on impulsivity and compulsivity. Maladaptive or uncontrolled impulsivity and compulsivity are part of several mental illnesses, including ADHD, bipolar disorder, substance use disorder, eating disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and autism. High levels of impulsivity and compulsivity can be very harmful, as they increase the risk for crime, injury and mortality [5]. Impulsivity is defined as “the tendency to act quickly and unpredictably without apparent concern for consequences” [6–7]. You can read more about impulsivity here. Compulsivity is “the performance of repetitive and functionally impairing overt or covert behavior without adaptive function, performed in a habitual...

Differences in Mental Health between men and women

There are many differences between men and women, and these are also apparent in multiple psychiatric and socially problematic behaviors including aggression, criminality, drug use, and gambling. When you compare large groups of men and women, men show a slightly higher vulnerability for these behaviors than women: they are more sensitive to rewards and risk-taking, are less able to inhibit their behavior, show a greater preference for immediate instead of delayed rewards, and are more likely to persevere in such behaviors [10]. Because of higher prevalence, maladaptive behavior has been mainly investigated in men, and there is a critical lack...